Sorry for the delayed response. I kept checking on my iPhone for a response, and for some reason or lack thereof didn't see it. I figured that I'd have to wait a few days for my post to go through. I started checking over here everyday and never got a response: http://marc.info/?l=linux-raid&m=134415164808677&w=2 . I guess I neglected this blog. And I was out camping for a few days.
When I do "sudo /sbin/mdadm.moved -D /dev/md127" after startup (before it's working), it says:
mdadm: md device /dev/md127 does not appear to be active.
(I now moved /sbin/mdadm.moved back to /sbin/mdadm for ease of use.)
When I do "sudo mdadm --misc --query /dev/md127", I get:
/dev/md127: is an md device which is not active
I found out that I can do:
"sudo mdadm -R /dev/md127" and that starts it up just fine and everything is good again. (Don't have to stop it or anything.)
I can then do: sudo mdadm /dev/md127 -a /dev/ram0.
However, the problem still remains that it is not started on start-up, thus I cannot have /usr be such a raid device, which needs to be mounted very early in startup, before any scripts get ran. Therefore I can't just put "mdadm -R /dev/md127" in a script somewhere to fix the issue. I even tried the raid=autodetect option at the kernel parameters line (And yes, "mdadm_udev" was in the HOOKS line in mkinitcpio.conf and "md_mod" and "raid0" were in the MODULES line in mkinitcpio.conf when I built the initial ramdisk with mkinitcpio.) I also tried doing "md=1,/dev/sda2" at the kernel line, which was ignored, because /dev/md1 was not created. Instead, I got the regular /dev/md127 (which is not active). Also tried "md=1,/dev/sda2,missing". Same result. Also tried "md=1,/dev/sda2,/dev/ram0". Same result. Also tried "md=1,/dev/ram0,/dev/sda2". Same result. Also tried "md=1,missing,/dev/sda2". Same result. I also tried md-mod.start_dirty_degraded=1. Still wasn't active on startup.
After running the above two commands (before the kernel parameters paragraph) to get the raid device going, "sudo mdadm -D /dev/md127" gives:
/dev/md127: Version : 1.2 Creation Time : Wed Aug 1 19:33:20 2012 Raid Level : raid1 Array Size : 3144692 (3.00 GiB 3.22 GB) Used Dev Size : 3144692 (3.00 GiB 3.22 GB) Raid Devices : 2 Total Devices : 2 Persistence : Superblock is persistent Update Time : Sun Aug 12 13:39:56 2012 State : clean, degraded, recovering Active Devices : 1 Working Devices : 2 Failed Devices : 0 Spare Devices : 1 Rebuild Status : 9% complete Name : archbang:0 UUID : 31f0bda6:4cd69924:46a0e3b2:4f7e32ba Events : 166 Number Major Minor RaidDevice State 2 1 0 0 spare rebuilding /dev/ram0 1 8 2 1 active sync writemostly /dev/sda2
Also, when I first startup, if I do: sudo mdadm --manage /dev/md127 --remove /dev/sda2
I get: mdadm: cannot get array info for /dev/md127
And if I do: sudo mdadm --manage /dev/md* --remove /dev/sda2
I get: mdadm: Must give one of -a/-r/-f for subsequent devices at /dev/md127
What's going on with the above two command outputs?
I will put a copy of this reply here: http://marc.info/?l=linux-raid&m=134415164808677&w=2
For those of you looking at the linux-raid mailing list, I am coming from here: http://neil.brown.name/blog/20120615073245 .
The idea of RAID1ing with a ramdisk came from here:https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=493773#p493773 .